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Acne, medically known as acne vulgaris, and colloquially referred to as “pimples”, is a benign skin disease characterized by eruptions on or beneath the skin caused by inflammation of the sebaceous glands. At some point in life, the majority of people have experienced the presence of a “pimple on their body”. But here are ten facts about acne that you may not have known!

Five different types of acne…

If you thought there was only one type of acne, you’re completely mistaken! Acne is actually divided into five different categories. Acne vulgaris – “common acne”. Larger, more inflamed pimples. Blackheads, often associated with oily skin. Acne comedonica – mostly blackheads, with minimal inflammation. Acne papulopustulosa – inflamed papules and pustules (“pimples”). Acne nodulocystica – a more severe form with nodules under the skin. Acne conglobata – the most severe form. It includes all of the above symptoms, large inflamed acne cysts, oily skin, often “hard” near the cysts, and almost always results in scarring. Large areas of the body can be affected, and the most severe documented cases have involved the entire body being covered in acne. What type of acne have you experienced? [source]

Washing excessively doesn’t help…

Acne is not related to having unclean skin. Therefore, washing excessively does not help. It is enough to wash your face once or twice a day, as you should always do. You should use a mild soap or face wash specifically designed for oily and acne-prone skin, preferably without perfume. You should also avoid using heavy creams and oils as they can clog the sebaceous glands and worsen acne. [source]

Acne is not related to having unclean skin. Therefore, washing excessively does not help. It is enough to wash your face once or twice a day, as you should always do. You should use a mild soap or face wash specifically designed for oily and acne-prone skin, preferably without perfume. You should also avoid using heavy creams and oils as they can clog the sebaceous glands and worsen acne.

That’s why you should never pop a pimple…

Never squeeze or pop your acne! This can damage the sebaceous gland and worsen inflammation. You should also avoid piercing or cutting a boil yourself, as it significantly increases the risk of scarring. [source]

The causes of acne…

During puberty, hormonal changes occur in the body, leading to an increase in s*x hormones. This causes an increase in sebum production in the sebaceous glands located under the skin. Sebum is a type of oil that, along with skin debris, clogs the opening of the sebaceous gland, resulting in a blackhead. At the same time, the population of a particular bacterium that plays a significant role in acne development also increases. Acne lesions form when the lower part of the sebaceous gland becomes inflamed. There are many sebaceous glands on the face, chest, buttocks and back, which is why acne usually appears in these areas of the body. [source]

During puberty, hormonal changes occur in the body, leading to an increase in s*x hormones. This causes an increase in sebum production in the sebaceous glands located under the skin. Sebum is a type of oil that, along with skin debris, clogs the opening of the sebaceous gland, resulting in a blackhead. At the same time, the population of a particular bacterium that plays a significant role in acne development also increases. Acne lesions form when the lower part of the sebaceous gland becomes inflamed. There are many sebaceous glands on the face, chest, buttocks and back, which is why acne usually appears in these areas of the body.

It is partially hereditary…

Your genetic predisposition plays a role in whether you develop acne, especially during adolescence. The risk of having severe acne is higher if one or both of your parents had severe acne during their teenage years. However, it is very rare for children of parents who did not have acne during their teenage years to have severe acne. [source]

One-third of teenagers would benefit from some form of treatment…

Most teenagers experience acne at some point during their teenage years. Girls generally develop acne earlier than boys because they enter puberty earlier. Approximately one-third of teenagers between the ages of 12 and 17 have acne severe enough to benefit from some form of treatment. A small group also experiences such severe acne that it significantly impairs their quality of life. Many women may continue to experience acne temporarily before and during menstruation, well into adulthood. [source]

What you should avoid for better skin…

Several medications and even moisture can contribute to the development of acne. If you are prone to acne problems, you should avoid excessive use of corticosteroids. Similarly, medications containing lithium can exacerbate the issue. If you engage in intense exercise and use steroids, you should immediately stop if you want to maintain better skin. If you work with various types of oils, you should be very careful to immediately wipe away any oil that comes into contact with your skin, as the oily substance can lead to the formation of pimples. Similarly, if you work in a humid and warm environment, you should be cautious. Greasy sunscreens have also been shown to contribute to the development of acne. [source]

Several medications and even moisture can contribute to the development of acne. If you are prone to acne problems, you should avoid excessive use of corticosteroids. Similarly, medications containing lithium can exacerbate the issue. If you engage in intense exercise and use steroids, you should immediately stop if you want to maintain better skin. If you work with various types of oils, you should be very careful to immediately wipe away any oil that comes into contact with your skin, as the oily substance can lead to the formation of pimples. Similarly, if you work in a humid and warm environment, you should be cautious. Greasy sunscreens have also been shown to contribute to the development of acne.

Acne tarda affects adults with so-called “pimples”…

Acne in adults is called adult acne (acne tarda) and is primarily triggered by hormones, but external factors such as cosmetics and sun exposure can also contribute to its onset. As mentioned earlier, hormonal changes are responsible for the appearance of so-called “pimples” during menstruation. [source]

Diet likely plays a significant role…

A population of 1,200 Kitavan islanders in Papua New Guinea reported no cases of acne at all, and the same was true for the Ache tribe in Paraguay. Researchers believe this may be due to their diet, which is completely free of refined sugar and processed foods. Perhaps it’s time to consider changing your diet entirely? [source]

A population of 1,200 Kitavan islanders in Papua New Guinea reported no cases of acne at all, and the same was true for the Ache tribe in Paraguay. Researchers believe this may be due to their diet, which is completely free of refined sugar and processed foods. Perhaps it’s time to consider changing your diet entirely?

No, toothpaste doesn’t help…

There has long been a myth that applying toothpaste to your pimples helps “dry them out“. However, there is no scientific evidence to support this claim, and it is discouraged by both researchers and doctors [source]


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